Japan Strong Earthquake Caused 10 Meters Tsunami
Exactly a year ago this day, Japan’s Tohoku huge earthquake that span the whole tsunami killing…
You can see the then (2011) and now (2012) pictures of Japan at this link which is really cool.
2011 Tohoku earthquake and tsunami, literally Tohoku region Pacific Ocean offshore earthquake was a 9.0 MW megathrust earthquake off the coast of Japan that occurred at 14:46 JST (05:46 UTC) on Friday 11 March 2011. The epicenter was 130 kilometers (81 mi) off the east coast of the Oshika Peninsula of Tohoku near Sendai, with the hypocenter at a depth of 32 km (19.9 mi).
The earthquake triggered tsunami warnings and evacuations along Japan’s Pacific coast and at least 20 other countries, including the entire Pacific coast of North America and South America. The earthquake created extremely destructive tsunami waves of up to 10 meters (33 ft) that struck Japan minutes after the quake, in some cases travelling up to 10 km (6 mi) inland, with smaller waves reaching many other countries after several hours.
The Japanese National Police Agency has officially confirmed 5,178 deaths, 2,285 injured, and 8,913 people missing across 16 prefectures. The earthquake and tsunami caused extensive and severe damage in Japan, including heavy damage to roads and railways as well as fires in many areas, and a dam collapse. Around 4.4 million households in northeastern Japan were left without electricity and 1.5 million without water. Many electrical generators were taken down, and at least three nuclear reactors suffered explosions due to hydrogen buildup within their outer containment buildings. According to reports by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), containment of each of the radioactive cores is intact and no meltdowns have occurred. Residents within a 20 km (12 mi) radius of the Fukushima I Nuclear Power Plant and a 10 km (6 mi) radius of the Fukushima II Nuclear Power Plant were evacuated.
The estimates of the Tohoku earthquake’s magnitude make it the most powerful known earthquake to hit Japan, and one of the five most powerful earthquakes in the world overall since modern record-keeping began in 1900. Japanese Prime Minister Naoto Kan said that “in the 65 years after the end of World War II, this is the toughest and the most difficult crisis for Japan.” The earthquake moved Honshu 2.4 m (7.9 ft) east and shifted the Earth on its axis by almost 10 cm (3.9 in). Early estimates placed insured losses from the earthquake alone at US$14.5 to $34.6 billion. The Bank of Japan offered ¥15 trillion (US$183 billion) to the banking system on 14 March 2011 in an effort to normalize market conditions.